This disease develops when the body’s immune system attacks its own hair follicles, causes the attached hair to fall out. The more hair follicles the immune system attacks, the more hair loss will take place.
Alopecia areata often causes hair loss on the scalp. People usually develop a round or oval bald area on their scalp. If Alopecia areata results in complete hair loss of scalp hair, it is called “Alopecia Totalis”.
A detailed History and Examination at The Klinic is necessary to make sure alopecia areata is the cause of hair loss and it exclude other causes. Sometimes, blood tests are necessary to check for other diseases caused by the immune system.
There are several treatment options for alopecia areata. The choice of treatment is based on the amount of hair loss, duration and age of the patient.
Sometimes, hair regrows on its own without treatment. This happens more often with small patches of alopecia, which have been there for less than 1 year. However, Treatment will help hair to grow back and grow faster.
- Topical steroid which is applied to the bald spots and can help regrow hair.
- Topical Minoxidil can also help maintain the regrowth and is a good option for children. It is also helpful for the beard area and eyebrows.
- Steroids are injected into the bald areas with different concentrations. These injections are usually given every 2 – 4 weeks as needed.
- Platelet rich Plasma – PRP injections might benefit some cases with hair regrowth when disease activity is stopped.
For severe cases of alopecia, systemic medications may be recommended in your treatment plan. Systemic steroids can improve results and Methotrexate is given either alone or along with corticosteroid.
Wigs and hairpieces can be temporary solutions to cover up hair loss right way. These may be recommended in severe cases of alopecia where treatment will take some time. These are also important when hair loss results in lowered self-esteem and greatly affect the person’s quality of life.
Schedule your consultation at The Klinic, as soon as you notice hair loss. The sooner you get treatment, the more effective it will be.
Call Us at 01004005465 – 01149918851 (Daily from 10 am – 4 pm except Fridays & Sundays).